Patient's Complete Guide to Canker Sore
Overview of Canker Sore
Canker Sore Meaning in Urdu
عام طور پر منہ کے چھالے مسوڑھوں کے نچلے حصے میں ظاہر ہوتے ہیں۔ منہ کے یہ چھالے متعدی نہیں ہوتے اس لیے یہ بیماری ایک شخص سے دوسرے شخص میں منتقل نہیں ہوتی۔ یہ چھالے کافی تکلیف کا سبب بن سکتے ہیں، جب کہ ان کی وجہ سے کھانے اور پینے میں بھی مشکلات پیش آ سکتی ہیں۔ ذہنی دباؤ اور ایسڈ سے بھرپور غذائیں استعمال کرنے کی وجہ سے منہ میں چھالے بن سکتے ہیں، اس کے علاوہ پہنچنے والا صدمہ بھی منہ کے چھالوں کی وجہ بن سکتا ہے۔
Ulcers are sores that can develop anywhere in the body. Sores are blisters, bumps, or lesions that are painful and might cause bleeding as well. Sores can be fluid-filled or hard. They are tender to touch.
Canker sores (ہونٹوں کا ناسُوری مرض) are ulcers that occur in the lining of the mouth. They are also known as ‘aphthous ulcers. They are yellowish in appearance with red edges. These are small, shallow lesions that can grow up to 1 inch in diameter.
They don’t grow on the surface of the skin like cold sores and usually go away on their own in a week or two. Canker sores can be simple or complex.
Canker sores can occur at any age.
Signs and Symptoms of Canker Sore
Signs and symptoms of minor canker sores include:
- Sores inside the mouth (cheeks or tongue)
- Oval shaped sores
- Heal within a week or two
- No scarring after healing
Signs and symptoms of major or severe canker sores include:
- Deep lesions
- Round sores with defined edges
- Extremely painful
- Take longer to heal
- May scar
Causes of Canker Sore
The exact cause of canker sores is unknown but possible defined triggers include:
- Allergic response
- Helicobacter pylori
- Food sensitivities
- Toothpaste and mouth rinsers
- Accidental cheek bite
- Diet lacking in B vitamins, folate, and iron
Risk Factors of Canker Sore
Anyone can suffer from canker sores and at any age. But most of the time adults and teens are affected by this medical condition. Canker sores are more common in females.
Most of the time people who are affected by this disease have a previous family history. Certain allergic reactions can also play the role of triggers for canker sores.
Health Complications of Canker Sores
Untreated canker sores can lead to the following health complications:
- Feeling of discomfort while performing minimal everyday tasks such as brushing or talking
- High fever
- Sores spread outside the mouth
The occurrence of canker sores can be minimized with the help of these preventive strategies:
- Try to avoid eating those foods that cause irritation in your mouth.
- Remember to make healthy dietary choices
- Pay special attention to your oral hygiene habits
- In the case of dental implants, ask your dentist to cover up the sharp edges
- Practice stress management
No tests are needed to diagnose canker sores. A visual exam is enough to give a diagnosis. If other health problems occur, tests might be done according to that.
Treatment of Canker Sore | When to Consult a Doctor
Usually, canker sores can be treated at home. As they go away on their own, no immediate treatment is required.
A mouth rinser may be given in case of multiple canker sores. They can reduce inflammation and pain.
Topical medication can also relieve pain and fasten the healing process if applied to sores as soon as you see them. They have certain helpful active ingredients in them.
For severe canker sores, oral medication can be given. This may include steroids.
This involves destroying, searing, or burning the tissue that is infected.
Canker sores normally do not need any treatment. In case of large, painful canker sores that do not go away on their own and are persistent, a doctor needs to be consulted.