People who are at high risk include:
- Males (No specific age group)
- Children, especially newborns to 4 years old.
- Young adults between the age of 15 to 24.
- People above the age of 60 years.
Complications Due to Head Injury
Several injuries can occur soon after or immediately after a head injury.
Prolonged and permanent changes in a person's state of consciousness, responsiveness, and awareness are often observed. Some of the complications include:
Seizures: Some people with traumatic injury develop seizures. These can occur in the earlier stages or in later years. These can get recurrent and result in post-traumatic epilepsy.
Hydrocephalus: A condition where cerebrospinal fluid may build up in the spaces in the brain and can cause swelling and pressure.
Infections: Penetrating wounds and skull injuries can cause tears in the tissues surrounding the brain. This can enable bacteria to enter and cause infections.
Blood Vessel Damage: Several blood vessels, both small and large get damaged while having an injury. This damage can lead to blood clotting and even a stroke.
Headaches: Frequent headaches are quite common after a head injury. They may begin right after the injury but can stay for a longer period of time.
Vertigo: A lot of people experience vertigo after an injury. It is characterized by feeling dizziness after a traumatic injury.
Traumatic injuries at the base of the skull can cause damage to the nerves(cranial nerves), emerging directly from the brain. Cranial nerve damage can result in:
- Loss of sense of smell or taste
- Blurred or poor vision
- Ringing in the ear
- Hearing Loss
- Swallowing issues