Ichthyrosis Vulgaricus

Overview of Ichthyrosis Vulgaricus

Every 1 out of 250 people is susceptible to the Ichthyosis vulgaris. It is a mainly genetic mutated disease but can acquire ichthyosis. Read more about its causes, treatment, and management of the disease.

Signs and Symptoms of Ichthyrosis Vulgaricus

Ichthyosis Vulgaris is a congenital skin disorder in which dead skin cells form the thick, dry scaly patches on the skin's surface. The scaly patches on the skin are commonly known as fish scale disease or fish skin disease. The initial ichthyosis symptoms appear in early childhood, between the ages of 2 and 5.
Among 20 different types of ichthyosis, ichthyosis vulgaris is considered as the most widespread disease. It is found in approximately 95 percent of the population of all ichthyosis cases. In another way, 1 in every 250 children is more likely to cause this disease.
Ichthyosis vulgaris comes in a range of mild to severe, depending on the associated skin diseases such as allergic skin condition eczema, which are accompanied by ichthyosis vulgaris. There is still no cure that has been introduced yet, but managing treatments have been used for its treatment.

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Types of Ichthyrosis Vulgaricus

The initial marker of ichthyosis symptom is reducing the skin's natural shedding process. This causes the accumulation of keratin protein on the upper layer of the skin. Other symptoms that usually show are:

  • Dry, scaly skin
  • Small fish-like scales
  • White, dirty grey or brown coloured scales but with darker-coloured scales typically on darker skin tone
  • Blistering on the scalp
  • Deep, painful cracks in your skin
  • Scales appeared on elbows and lower legs (thick and darker scales)

Ichthyosis Symptoms get worse in cold, dry environments and likely to improve in warm, humid environments.


Risk Factors of Ichthyrosis Vulgaricus

Ichthyosis vulgaris is primarily caused by mutated genes that are inherited from one or both parents. In mild cases, children inherit a defective gene from one parent but if they inherit from both parents they come under severe cases. Those born children with this disorder have normal skin at the time of birth, but start to appear scaling and roughness during the first few years of life.

Another form of ichthyosis vulgaris is acquired ichthyosis, that a person gets it from the surroundings or have an association with other diseases are below:

  • Skin cancer
  • Thyroid disease



Some of the factors that increase your likelihood of suffering from ichthyosis vulgaris include:

  • External factors such as low temperature and low humidity can act as risk factors
  • If the disease is already in your family, there are chances that you can suffer from this.

Use of harsh products that can leave your skin dried.

Ichthyosis Vulgaris Health Complications

People with ichthyosis may prevail:

Overheating: In rare cases, the skin thickness and scales of ichthyosis can have a problem with sweating and inhibit cooling. In some people, excess sweating (hyperhidrosis) can be identified.
Secondary infection: Skin splitting and cracking may lead to infections.



There are no known ways to prevent ichthyosis vulgaris. The condition is genetic and there is not much we can do to prevent it.

Treatment of Ichthyrosis Vulgaricus | When to Consult a Doctor

A Dermatologist initially asks about a family history of skin disease. The age of first symptoms appeared and experiencing any other skin disorder. Then they examine the affected skin and the characteristic scales physically. After a physical examination, the dermatologist may request to perform other tests, such as:

Skin biopsy: This procedure involves extracting a small piece of the affected skin for examination under the light of a microscope. This may be necessary to rule out other causes of dry, scaly skin.
Blood tests: This test diagnoses the cause of ichthyosis Vulgaris and detects whether the bacteria are responsible for it or not.

Doctors to treat Ichthyrosis Vulgaricus

Last updated on Wednesday 23/11/2022


Dr. Asif Rauf

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist | MBBS

Cosmolux ( The Hair & Skin Clinic )Rs 2000


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Highly Recommended


Dr. Farrukh Aslam

Cosmetologist | MBBS, FCPS, BFIRST Fellow, MRCPS, FACS

LaForma ClinicRs 1500


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Dr farukh is a kind man he listen whatever i said and then he diagnosed me the treatment of my issue


Dr. Aamir Chhipa

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist | MBBS, DCDD

Dr Aamir Skin ClinicRs 1000


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I am very satisfied with the overall doctor's experience.

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