Hiccups

Overview of Hiccups

Hiccups Meaning in Urdu

ہچکیوں کو خطرناک طبی علامت نہیں سمجھا جاتا۔ اکثر اوقات یہ خود بخود ختم ہو جاتی ہیں، جب کہ کئی کیسز میں ان سے چھٹکارا پانے کے لیے ادویات بھی استعمال کی جاتی ہیں۔ اگر کھانا بہت زیادہ مقدار میں کھایا جائے یا الکوحل جیسی غیر متوازن ڈرنکس استعمال کی جائیں تو ہچکیوں کے خطرات بڑھ جاتے ہیں۔ اگر ہچکیوں کا لمبے عرصے کے لیے سامنا کرنا پڑے تو وزن میں کمی بھی آ سکتی ہے۔ ہچکیوں کی وجہ سے چھاتی، پیٹ، اور گلے کے پٹھوں میں کھنچاؤ محسوس ہو سکتا ہے۔

Hiccups meaning in urdu (ہچکی). Hiccups are the involuntary movements of the diaphragm and sudden closure of vocal cords which produces the hic sound.

Hiccups produce when the diaphragm moves up and down as the people breathe in or out. Each movement makes a hic sound repeatedly. It is due to a large meal, alcoholic, carbonated beverages, an excited state, or an underlying medical condition. In most cases, it persists for only a few minutes but can be extended for months in rare cases.

 

Signs and Symptoms of Hiccups

Hiccups are considered as a symptom, there is no symptom of hiccups. But in some cases, it may be associated with a slight tightening sensation in chest, throat, and abdomen.

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Types of Hiccups

There are two types of hiccups depending on its duration:

  • Acute Hiccups: These types of hiccups are not very serious and do not come under medical concern but generate for a few minutes. 
  • Chronic Hiccups: Hiccups last for longer than two days. Mostly accompanied by a serious medical condition.
  • Persistent Hiccups: If the hiccups are prolonged for more than two days and within a month. It is also possible due to some complications.

Causes of Hiccups

Hiccups are involuntary actions in our body that stimulate due to a number of reasons that are given below. Sometimes, it occurs for no apparent reason, just happens for a shorter period.

  • Overeating
  • Eating spicy food
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Drinking carbonated beverages, such as sodas
  • Consuming very hot or very cold foods
  • Environmental changes
  • Inhaling air during chewing gum 
  • Excitement or emotional stress
  • Aerophagia (swallowing too much air)

If hiccups persist longer than 48 hours are categorized as some serious complications. The majority of persistent hiccups are generated by the injury or irritation to either the vagus or phrenic nerve. The vagus and phrenic nerves are responsible for controlling the movement of the diaphragm. 

Both nerves stimulate these problems:

  • Irritation of your eardrum due to a foreign object
  • Throat irritation or soreness
  • A goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux (stomach acid backing up into the oesophagus, the tube that moves food from the mouth to the stomach) 
  • An oesophageal tumor

If the CNS is damaged then our body has the ability to lose control of hiccups. The following medical conditions can arise:

  • Stroke
  • Multiple sclerosis (a chronic, degenerative nerve disease)
  • Tumours
  • Meningitis and encephalitis (infections that can cause swelling in the brain)
  • Head trauma or brain injury
  • Hydrocephalus (accumulation of fluid on the brain)
  • Neurosyphilis and other brain infections

Other causes of persistent Hiccups are:

  • Alcohol overuse
  • Tobacco use
  • An anaesthesia reaction after surgery
  • Certain classes of drugs, including barbiturates, steroids, and tranquilizers
  • Diabetes
  • An electrolyte imbalance
  • Kidney failure
  • Arteriovenous malformation (a condition in which arteries and veins are tangled in the brain)
  • Cancer and chemotherapy treatments
  • Parkinson’s disease (a degenerative brain disease)
Happniness

Risk Factors of Hiccups

Hiccups are not a disease but an uncontrollable action. It can initiate everyone at any age. However, several people are more susceptible to hiccups enlisted below:  

  • Mostly produced in males
  • For those people who are experiencing intense mental or emotional responses (ranges from anxiety to excitement)
  • Hiccups in pregnancy are also possible
  • People who have received general anaesthesia (you were put to sleep during surgery)
  • People who had surgery, especially abdominal surgery

Complications of Hiccups

Prolonged hiccups may be possible during:

  • Sleeping
  • Eating
  • Speech
  • Wound healing after surgery

Happniness

Prevention

Some of the ways that can help to prevent hiccups, include: 

  • Avoid overeating
  • Say no to alcohol and carbonated drinks
  • Resist sudden temperature fluctuations
  • Avoid intense reactions 
Happniness

Diagnosis

If the hiccups occur for a prolonged period, then the doctor suggests a physical examination of the brain to evaluate whether the brain is functioning properly or not.

  • Muscle strength and tone
  • Reflexes
  • Balance and coordination
  • Sense of sight and touch 

If a doctor suspects an underlying medical condition that may cause hiccups, he or she may recommend one or more of the following tests.

Blood samples are taken from the patients to check the signs of hiccups:

  • Diabetes
  • Infection
  • Kidney disease

Imaging tests

If a doctor may diagnose any abnormalities in the vagus nerve, phrenic nerve, or diaphragm then the following imaging tests are performed:

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Last updated on Tuesday 29/11/2022

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