As in the majority cases, the exact cause of scoliosis cannot be determined, the most common type is “Idiopathic Scoliosis”. This is the term that refers to scoliosis caused by no definite reason.
80% of scoliosis cases are from Idiopathic scoliosis. The remaining 20% can be broken down into:
- Congenital - the spinal deformities are present since birth.
- Neurological - compressed nerves or some underlying muscle/nerve condition can affect the muscles in the spine.
Scoliosis can also be categorized as:
In structural scoliosis, the spine curve is caused by a disease, injury or it is a birth defect. Structural scoliosis is permanent.
In nonstructural scoliosis, the curve is temporary and through proper treatment, it can be fixed.