Patient's Complete Guide to Trauma Pain

Overview of Trauma Pain

Any unpleasant and distressing feeling that a person feels due to some injury or any other external force such as prick, tingle, sting, burn, or ache is called trauma pain. You may feel trauma pain sharp or light, come or go or may be constant or not, depending upon the severity of pain.

Types of Trauma Pain

On the basis of severity of pain, it is divided into two types:

Acute: This pain occurs due to disease, inflammation, or sudden injury. It can be easily diagnosed and treated.

Chronic: When the pain of the injury is increased for a longer period of time, it becomes chronic.

Further Classification of Trauma Pain

Trauma pain is one of the main causes of mortality all over the world. It starts from a specified area of the body that extends to the connected parts (bones, muscles tissues, tendon ligaments etc).

Based on the different sites trauma pain is divided into the following types:

  • Tailbone Trauma: It is also known as coccyx trauma. It is defined as a small bone injury at the lower hip of the spine. It is an uncommon trauma pain.
  • Traumatic Back Pain: Our back is made of bones, muscles, and different tissues reaching out from your neck to your pelvis. Backbone wounds can result from a sports injury, house chores, an unexpected shock, for example, an auto crash etc. The lower back is the most trauma pain that most of us suffer from. Regular back injuries involve sprains and strains, herniated disks, herniated disks and fractured (broken bones) vertebrae.
  • Traumatic Chest Pain:  It is linked to the heart, lung, oesophagal conditions or broken ribs, etc.
  • Knee Trauma Pain: This pain occurs due to sports injury or bad falling. The most common knee trauma pain is osteoarthritis.
  • Wrist Pain:  Our wrist joint is a smaller bone joint that connects hands to forearms, which helps to allow moving the hand in different angles flexibly.

 The common disorders and injuries associated with wrist are:

  • Gout- It is a form of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in your joints.
  • Fractures (broken bones)
  • Osteoarthritis- Is the most common type of arthritis. It is caused by the wear and tear of the joints.
  • Sprains and Strains- It is the injuries of ligaments, muscles, or tendons.
  • Tendinitis- It is inflammation of a tendon, usually due to overuse.
  • Neck pain: The muscles, bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, or nerves of the neck, cause neck pain. This pain penetrates from your shoulder, jaw, head, or upper arms. It mostly occurs due to muscle strain or tension. It can also be due to the overuse of computers, sitting in bad posture, bad sleeping posture, during exercise, car accidents, etc.

Post-surgical trauma is another condition that occurs after major surgery such as, cardiac, lungs, etc.

Causes of Trauma Pain

Traumatic pain occurs through either chronic disorder or due to external factors such as strenuous physical exercise, bad sitting or sleeping posture, car accident, sports injury, etc. It varies from one body part to another.

Risk Factors of Trauma Pain

Sports participation increases the risk of injury. More involvement in sports, the higher the risk of the traumatic injury that results in pain.  Sprain and stress fractures are the most common injuries that occur in sports.

Health-Related Complication of Trauma Pain

You may experience different health complications after trauma injury, including:

  • Dizziness
  • Fever
  • Difficulty breathing

Prevention

Prevention from trauma pain is possible when you avoid participating in intense sports. Following tips can help to prevent the risk of trauma pain, such as:

  • Wear the right gear
  • Follow the proper technique
  • Do not play if you are not okay
  • Avoid heat illness
  • Strengthen your muscles
  • Increase flexibility

Diagnosis

Different diagnostic procedures reveal clues about the injury and affected area condition.

  • Bone scan
  • X-rays
  • Imaging Test

Treatment of Trauma Pain | When to Consult a Doctor

Depending upon the severity, site, or duration of pain, trauma pain is treated through opioids such as Pregabalin, Morphine, Codeine and Hydrocodone.

If you have acute trauma pain in the head, neck, knee, wrist, then OTC drugs are given for the effective and safer treatment e.g

  • Panadol
  • Aspirin
  • Naproxen
  • Advil

Don’t wait for your illness to heal on its own. It may become worse and cause severe chronic disorders. It’s better to seek consultation from specialists.

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