Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Overview of Gastrointestinal Bleeding

What is Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding

Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is not a disease. It is a symptom of disorder or any problem in the digestive tract which can occur in any part of the digestive system. Symptoms and treatment may vary depending on the type of gastrointestinal bleeding.

Types of Gastrointestinal Bleeding 

There are two types of GI bleeding

  • Upper GI bleeding
  • Lower GI bleeding

Upper GI bleeding can occur in the upper part of the digestive tract like esophagus, stomach and initial part of the small intestine. Lower GI bleeding can occur in the lower part of the small intestine, large intestine and anus.

Signs and Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Bleeding

The common symptom of GI bleeding includes blood in the vomit or stool, black or tarry stool. Other symptoms include:

  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Pale skin
  • Abdominal pain
  • Coffee ground appearance of vomit

Other symptoms include weight loss, anemia, fever, dehydration and low blood pressure.

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Causes of Gastrointestinal Bleeding

GI bleeding is caused by many conditions. Common causes of gastrointestinal bleeding includes:

  • Stomach ulcer (Peptic ulcer)
  • Esophagitis or Inflammation of esophagus
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Colitis
  • Cancer or tumor of stomach
  • Colon polyps
  • Diverticular disease
  • Anal fissures
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Diagnosis

A doctor will perform a complete history and physical examination to evaluate the problem.Diagnosis may include:

  • A digital rectal examination
  • Blood test
  • Stool test
  • Endoscopy/ colonoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Gastric lavage

Treatment of Gastrointestinal Bleeding | When to Consult a Doctor

Treatment will depend on the cause of bleeding

  • If the bleeding is from the upper digestive tract. A medication is carried out using an endoscope to directly inject the medicine into the bleeding site.
  • A clip may be placed on the bleeding blood vessel to seal it to prevent the blood loss.
  • Sometimes heat is used to treat the bleeding site via laser or a probe.
  • In some cases medication also includes antibiotics to clear H. pylori infection and allow peptic ulcers to heal.
  • Inhibit the use of medication or practices that are causing bleeding or ulceration.
  • Surgery is also performed in severe cases.

Doctors to treat Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Last updated on Thursday 20/10/2022

Doctor

Dr. Muhammad Kamil

General Physician, Gastroenterologist |

Taj Medical Complex (TMC)Rs 800

0

Today’s Slots

98%

Satisfaction Rate

28

Years

Highly Recommended

Doctor

Dr. Ali Akbar

General Surgeon, Oncologist | MBBS, FCPS (Surgical Oncology), FCPS (General Surgery)

Doctors HospitalRs 3000

0

Today’s Slots

96%

Satisfaction Rate

11

Years

Highly Recommended

Doctor

Dr. Saqib Hussain

Hepatologist, Gastroenterologist | MBBS, FCPS

Advanced Laboratory and Medical CenterRs 2000

2

Today’s Slots

99%

Satisfaction Rate

11

Years

Highly Recommended

All Doctors treating Gastrointestinal Bleeding