Urinary stone treatment can vary depending on the location, cause, and type of urinating stones. It is firstly managed by home remedies and non-conservative treatments for mild to moderate urinary problems. If symptoms get worse, then a urologist might suggest surgical treatments.
Home Remedies of Urinary Stones:
The most beneficial home remedies for the relief of urinary stones are:
- Adequate intake of watermelon or its juice.
- By boiling the fig in water and drinking it all on an empty stomach in the early morning.
- Intake of fresh tomato juice with salt and pepper when the stomach is empty.
- One of the best remedies is to eat kidney beans or French beans in the boiled or mashed form with the liquid.
- Basil leaves or tulsi can be taken with honey.
- Eating a lot of fruits such as apples, grapes, or pomegranates.
- Vitamins B6 and A are good for reducing kidney stones.
Treatment of Small Stones with Minimal Symptoms
Mostly, Non-invasive can be used for the treatment of small kidney stones because these therapies can easily dissolve small stones and pass through urine.
- Water Intake: Intake of at least (1.8 to 3.6 liters) a day will keep the urine dilute and may prevent stones formation. You can drink a lot of water until the urine is clear.
- Pain Relievers: When small stones are eliminated from the body, it may cause pain or discomfort. A urologist may prescribe the pain relievers to the patients such as:
- Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others)
- Naproxen sodium (Aleve)
- Medications: The best medications help to pass the urinating stones with less pain from the kidney. These are involved:
Alpha blocker-help to relax the ureter muscles such as tamsulosin (Flomax) and the drug combination dutasteride and tamsulosin (Jalyn)
Other antibacterial medications that prevent the infections are:
- Allopurinol (Zyloprim) for removing uric acid stones
- Thiazide diuretics to treat calcium stones formation
- Sodium bicarbonate or sodium citrate makes the urine less acidic
- Phosphorus solutions to dissolve calcium stones formation
Important Note: Do not take any medications without a doctor's consultation.
Treatment of Large Stones with Severe Symptoms
Larger stones are difficult to pass through the urinary tract and cause bleeding. This may damage the kidney, bladder, or urethra and may have the possibility of urinary tract infections. For the treatment of severe urinary stone cases, more extensive or technical techniques have been preferable.
A patient may experience certain side effects after ESWL, including:
- Blood in the urine
- Back or abdominal bruising
- Bleeding around the kidney and other adjacent organs
- Feeling irritated when stone pieces pass through the urinary tract
- Removal of urinary stones through surgery: A procedure named percutaneous nephrolithotomy involves the surgical elimination of stones through the insertion of small incisions of small telescopes and instruments on the back.
Before or during the surgery, anesthesia has to be given to the patients for sedation. A urologist may suggest this procedure if ESWL fails.
Ureteroscope: The procedure helps to find the location of urethra stones by passing a thin lighted tube attached with a camera to a ureter. Once the area is identified, it will convert into smaller pieces and easily remove with urine. General or local anesthesia is required for the procedure. Also, place the stent into the ureter for healing.
Parathyroid Gland Surgery: Hyperactivity of the parathyroid glands that release excessive amounts of parathyroid hormone. This consequently raises calcium levels in the body and leads to the formation of calcium phosphate stones called parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism). A urologist can then opt for surgical removal of the parathyroid gland.
In case you exhibit any concerning signs and symptoms of urinary stones, consult a medical professional as soon as possible.