Patient's Complete Guide to Fits

Overview of Fits

Fit or seizures are caused by a sudden electrical disturbance in the brain. The symptoms can vary from mild to severe.

Signs and Symptoms of Fits

Fit or seizures are caused by a sudden electrical disturbance in the brain. The symptoms can vary from mild to severe.
The common symptoms include violent uncontrollable shaking and twitching. The symptoms can be an indication of some serious underlying medical conditions. its/ seizures require immediate medical conditions.

Types of Fits

It is possible that you experience both focal and generalized seizures at the same time. They can last from a few seconds to up to 15 minutes per episode.

Common symptoms that usually occur before a seizure or a fit are:

  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Change in vision
  • Shaking of arms or legs
  • Jerky movements in the body that might cause you to drop things
  • A feeling of being sick to your stomach
  • Nausea
  • A feeling of fear or anxiousness

Look out for these symptoms as they indicate a seizure or fit in in progress:

  • Losing consciousness followed by confusion
  • Having uncontrollable muscle movements
  • Drooling or frothing at the mouth
  • Falling without no apparent reason
  • A strange taste in the mouth
  • Clenched teeth
  • Tongue biting
  • Sudden and rapid eye movements
  • Making unusual noises
  • Uncontrollable bowel movements
  • Sudden mood changes

Causes of Fits

According to International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), seizures can be classified as:

Focal onset seizures

These seizures occur in only one part of the brain. If you are aware that you are having a seizure, it is called a focal aware seizure. If you are unaware that you are having a seizure, this is known as a focal impaired awareness seizure.

Generalized onset seizure

These seizures start on both sides of the brain simultaneously. The most common types of generalized onset seizures are:

  • Tonic-clonic: tonic symbolizes muscle stiffening and clonic refers to jerky arms and legs during the convulsions. These seizures are also known as grand mai seizures. You may lose consciousness and these seizures can last for a few minutes.
  • Absence: these seizures only last for a few seconds in this type of seizure, you blink repeatedly or stare into space.  Some people might mistakenly diagnose them as daydreaming.
  • Atonic: these seizures are brief and last for about 15 seconds. They are also called “Drop attacks”. Your muscles may suddenly go limp and your entire body can fall to the ground.

Unknown onset seizures

These are the types of seizures which have no apparent cause. They can occur anytime anywhere.

Risk Factors of Fits

Seizures or fits can result from a number of causes. They can indicate the onset of some serious medical conditions. Possible causes of seizures are:

  • Quitting alcohol
  • Brain infection like meningitis
  • Brain injury during birth
  • Brain defect by birth
  • Choking
  • Drug abuse
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Electric shock
  • Epilepsy
  • Head trauma
  • High fever for a number of days
  • Kidney or liver failure
  • Extremely low blood glucose levels
  • Stroke
  • Brain tumor
  • Vascular abnormality

Seizures have hereditary characteristics. Inform your doctor immediately if you have a family history of fits or seizures.


  • Age
  • Family history
  • Sudden head trauma
  • Certain strokes and vascular complications
  • Dementia development
  • Brain infections such as meningitis
  • Seizures in childhood

Complications of Seizures and Fits

  • Difficulty in learning
  • Food going into windpipe when a seizures occurs
  • Side effects of medicines
  • Injury from fall if a seizure occurs


  • Seek help through medications
  • Cut down on alcohol
  • Maintain a sleep schedule
  • Avoid any strong and flashlights
  • Have healthy meal
  • Consciously practice stress management
  • Avoid substance abuse

Treatment of Fits | When to Consult a Doctor

The treatment of seizures and fits depends upon the type of fit you are having. The doctor will consider your full medical background and all the events leading up to the seizure. Lab tests would also help your doctor to rule out other conditions that can cause seizure-like activity.

Some possible lab tests can be:

  • A blood test to check electrolyte imbalance
  • A spinal tap to rule out infection
  • A toxicology screening to test for any possible drugs, poisons or toxins in the body
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • EEG

Healthcare Providers

Consult with Best Doctors for Fits

Prof. Dr. Shahzad Shams, Neurosurgeon
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Syed Shahzad Hussain, Neurosurgeon
Prof. Dr. Muhammad Athar Javed, Neurologist
Prof. Dr. Nazir Ahmad, Neurosurgeon
Dr. Saeed Ahmad Bajwa, Neurosurgeon
Dr. Anjum Habib Vohra, Neurosurgeon
Dr. Asim Mahmood, Neurosurgeon

Dr. Asim Mahmood

Dr. Amer Ikram, Neurologist

Dr. Amer Ikram

Dr. Aamir Aziz, Neurosurgeon

Dr. Aamir Aziz

Dr. Muhammad Khurrum Ishaque, Neurosurgeon
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