Allergies in children

Overview of Allergies in children

Allergies In Children Meaning in Urdu

بچے کسی بھی موسم میں آسانی کے ساتھ الرجیز کا شکار ہو جاتے ہیں۔ الرجی کی وجہ سے انہیں ناک میں خارش، چھینکوں، ناک کی بندش، کھانسی، سانس لینے میں مشکلات، آنکھوں کی خارش یا ان سے پانی بہنا، یا کانوں کے مسائل کا سامنا کرنا پڑ سکتا ہے، تاہم الرجیز کی وجہ سے بچوں کو بخار کا سامنا نہیں کرنا پڑتا۔ اگر وجوہات کا تعین کر لیا جائے تو ان الرجیز سے آسانی کے ساتھ نجات حاصل کی جا سکتی ہے۔ بچے کچھ غذاؤں جیسا کہ انڈوں، دودھ، مونگ پھلی، اور کچھ دواؤں سے بھی الرجی محسوس کر سکتے ہیں۔

Allergy in children is a condition that happens when their immune system starts reacting to things and objects that are rather harmless. When a person is allergic to an allergen, the immune system starts inferring them as harmful bacteria and infections.

If left untreated allergies can cause serious health complications and that can prove to be fatal.

Doctors Treating Allergies in children

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Signs and Symptoms of Allergies in children

Given below are some of the allergy symptoms in children such as:

  • Stuffy nose
  • Itching
  • Sneezing
  • Itching in ears and mouth
  • Red, itchy and watery eyes
  • Red and itchy skin
  • Hives
  • Rashes
  • Asthma symptoms such as shortness of breath
  • Coughing
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Diarrhea
  • Low blood pressure
  • Fainting

Types of Allergies in children

Some common types of allergies in children are as follows:

Hay fever

Hay fever is one of the most common types of allergies in children. Some of the common symptoms of hay fever are an itchy nose, watery eyes, and chronic ear problems.

Nasal Congestion

Allergies are the common cause of nasal congestion. Sometimes nasal congestion can make it different for the child to breathe because of a stuffy nose.

Ear Infections

Ear infections can cause serious inflammation in the ears. It can also lead to hearing loss and serious ear infections. A child who suffers from hearing loss might also have serious articulation disorders in the later stages of life.

Food Allergies

Food allergies are one of the common types of allergies in children. The most common allergies are as follows:

  • Peanuts
  • Tree nuts
  • Fish
  • Shellfish
  • Wheat
  • Milk

Children who have food allergies may suffer from anaphylaxis.

Causes of Allergies in children

Some of the common causes of allergies in children are given below:

  • Tree, grass, and weed pollens
  • Molds
  • Natural rubber latex
  • Dust mites
  • Foods
  • Medications
  • Feathers
  • Animal dander, urine, and oils from the skin
  • Bee stings
  • Pests such as cockroaches and mice

Risk Factors of Allergies in children

Allergies can affect anyone at any age. But children are at a greater risk of getting these allergies.



Given below are some of the prevention of allergies in children:

  • Make sure to stay indoors when the pollen count is high on windy days
  • Pay attention to your indoor air
  • Use AC rather than opening the windows on windy days
  • Use a dehumidifier in the damp areas of the house. But make sure to clean it often
  • If your child is playing outside for longer periods then make sure he or she takes a shower when they come home or a change of clothes.


In order to diagnose allergies in children, the doctor might start with a physical examination. They then recommend the following tests food the proper assessment.

Skin Test

A skin test is one of the most common allergy tests. These tests are conducted to check the presence of IgE antibodies in the body. Either the area is pricked or scratched and is then exposed to the allergen. If the person is allergic to a certain allergen a small bump will raise on the skin. The results of these tests are available after the testing is done.

Blood Test

The doctor might also recommend some blood tests to check the presence of IgE antibodies in the blood. Often doctors recommend blood tests to those patients who might have been suffering from some prior skin conditions.

Treatment of Allergies in children | When to Consult a Doctor

The treatments of allergies in children normally depend on the symptoms, age, and general health condition. It also depends on the severity of the condition.

The most common treatments for allergies in children are as follows:

  • Avoiding the allergies
  • Immunotherapy
  • Medications

In case of any concerning signs and symptoms, you need to visit a certified pediatrician